The Social Media Impact (#SMING14) survey conducted by ING among an international group of journalists and PR professionals shows that dialogue on social media is gain-ing importance. Journalists widely use social media posts despite having doubts about their reliability. At the same time PR professionals believe that news is becoming less reliable as journalists do less fact-checking.
The ING survey also revealed that a majority of journalists feel less bound by journalistic rules on social media. Social media are increasingly being used as a means of engaging in dialogue, although Dutch PR professionals lag behind their international peers in this respect.
In line with ING's ambition to be at the forefront of developments in social media, ING in 2012 concluded its first study into social media use by journalists and PR professionals. The survey showed that social media have revolutionized the media landscape. In 2014, the study into the role of social media among PR profession-als and journalists has been repeated with the aim of gaining an insight into the impact of social media on the activities of PR pro-fessionals and journalists and how they have influenced the news and the way news is disseminated.
The Social Media Impact survey was conducted by ING among an international group of journalists and PR professionals to establish to what extent there are differences in the way countries make use of social media.
The highlights from this report
This report provides an insight into the following questions:
1. To what extent are social media seen as reliable?
2. To what extent is public opinion via social media used in pub-lishing news?
3. To what extent do journalists undertake fact-checking and crowd-checking?
4. To what extent do journalists act differently in traditional media and social media?
5 To what extent do Dutch PR professionals use social media dif-ferently from international PR professionals?
What are the expectations of PR professionals and journal-ists with regard to social media?
The 5 main insights at a glance
1. One-third of journalists said social media posts are not a reli-able source of information. Despite this, half of journalists said social media were their main source of information.
2. Remarkably, half of journalists said they consider consumer opinion to be more reliable than a statement by an organiza-tion. Journalists use social media to find out what people are talking about and when writing articles, but do not always check whether public opinion is based on facts.
3. Fact-checking has become less thorough; "publish first, correct if necessary" is the motto these days. Only 20% of journalists always check their facts before publishing. Almost half of jour-nalists said they published most of their stories as quickly as possible to correct later if necessary. PR professionals also noted that since the arrival of social media journalists are get-ting in contact less frequently to check facts.
4. Journalists (60%) said they feel less bound by journalistic rules on social media than with traditional media such as a newspa-per article. They act differently on social media than in traditional media, sharing their personal opinion more openly on social media, despite the fact that journalists are seen as being objective and reporters of news facts relating to events of general importance.
The 5 main expectations for the future
1. Journalists expect less fact-checking to be done in the fu-ture. Conversely the role of crowd-checking, whereby the public's opinion is used and accepted as being true, will grow in importance.
2. User-generated content, such as tweets and pictures or videos from bystanders, is already widely used in news and is expected to grow further.
3. Dutch PR professionals will stage a catch-up as they re-duce their focus on sending out releases and concentrate more on engaging in dialogue and building relations.
4. Journalists expect journalism to be driven by clicks and views more than by content.
PR professionals expect their contact with consumers to inten-sify with increasingly less involvement of journalists, now that they have the ability to approach the target group directly and engage in dialogue with them.
Publish first, correct later if necessary
With 45% of journalists putting out 60% to 100% of what they publish as soon as possible – without checking facts – and correct later if necessary, "publish first and correct later” seems to be the new motto.
Only 20% always check the facts before publishing. 52% of PR professionals said that since the arrival of social media jour-nalists seek contact less frequently to check facts. 52% of PR professionals said that since the arrival of social media jour-nalists get in contact less frequently to check the facts
Less bound by journalistic rules
Journalists act differently on social media compared to the way they report through traditional news channels. 67% of journalists said they express themselves differently on social media, sharing their personal opinion more openly on social media, despite the fact that journalists are seen as being ob-jective and reporters of news facts relating to events of gen-eral importance.
As many as 60% of journalists agreed with the statement "On social media I am less bound by journalistic rules than in tra-ditional media".
Other interesting facts & figures about PR Profession-als & Social Media
Our survey also provides insights about the social media views and social media usage by PR professionals and the impact social media has in their daily work.